Athletes from the Olympics to Rio They have spent many hours training, great efforts, perfecting their techniques and everything with a sole aim, get a gold medal.
Part for the honor of being the best your discipline and the prize that all the athletes dream of, but there is another motivation, the premium or incentive that each country offers its medalists, which often serves to continue to finance her career.
We can ask ourselves: what incentives are offered to athletes Spaniards? What incentives are les offers to the rest of the athletes Olympic? Are there differences of these incentives between Rio and London Olympics? By these incentives them athletes have to pay taxes?
What incentives are them offer to those athletes Spanish?
He Committee Olympic Spanish pays to those athletes individual Spanish by the Medal of gold to 94,000 euros, by the Medal of silver to 48,000€ and the Medal of bronze of 30,000 euros. These incentives have not changed with respect to the Olympic Games in Beijing because of the onset of the financial crisis and the adjustments made in public budgets.
Those incentives change when is give to the athletes of couples or of group. By the Medal of gold of a sport with two Member is les pays to 75,000 euros, by the Medal of silver is les pays to 37,000 euros and the Medal of bronze is les pays to 25,000 euros.
He case of them sports of team as the football or the basketball is les pays the Medal of gold to 50,000 euros for each Member of the team, is les pays the Medal of silver to 29,000 euros for each Member of the team and is les pays the Medal of bronze to 18,000 euros for each Member of the team as shows the following graphic on “awards in euros of the COE in river” London and Beijing”:
To part of them medals, the athletes Spanish have the scholarships of the programme ADO
ADO is a program of support to the “sport of high performance Olympic” whose main objective is it improves of them results of them athletes Spanish in them Games Olympic and has as characteristics basic it requirement in their criteria and the persecution of the excellence sports.
The programme is set around three basic themes:-the aid to athletes with options for outcomes of interest in the Olympics.
-Supports the trainers responsible for the preparation of athletes.
-The development of special plans, aimed at improving the preparation of athletes.
The ADO Plan of preparation for the Olympic Games in Rio handed out during the 2015 497 scholarships, 363 of them for athletes and other coaches, for a total amount of 8.929.190 euros. The swimmer Mireia Belmonte received 88.700 euros, being the athlete more benefit by them scholarships, thanks to their results in the competitions international.
Of the 8.9 million euros from the budget for scholarships in 2015, athletes were 7.006.140 euros and the coaches, 1.923.050 euros. 363 scholarship athletes are divided almost in equal parts among men, 181, 182, and women.
After the London 2012 Olympics, the Association of Olympic sports (ADO) agreed to keep the amount of the scholarships of the previous cycle, with 60,000 euros as maximum support, although several scholarships can add up if you get relevant search results on different tests.
And other countries how to act on the issue of incentives by Olympic medal?
The economic incentive to Olympians winning varies depending on the country, since it is not the International Olympic Committee that gives these incentives, but that corresponds to each National Olympic Committee in each country.
For example, Italy gives its incentive with € 150,000 Gold Medal champions, while Russia encourages 135.000 euros. The countries that pay the most for their gold medals is Azerbaijan with 640,000 euros. Below Spain is Hungary which pays its champions 60,000 euros, and France with € 50,000.
It is curious that the countries that pay less incentive to its medalists are the ones to get more medals. United States, which leads the number of Olympic triumphs, only gives its champions 22,000 euros for every gold medal.
For this reason, economic compensation seem to be an incentive for more Olympic results to less prominent countries in the competition. But these offsets economic not are an obligation.
There are countries which held firm to the original Olympics sporting spirit, as it is the case of Sweden , which does not grant any award his athletes but receive them with honors and given a plush mascot River of size proportional to the medal have managed.
Great Britain is another country that does not encourage its athletes with economic compensation, but if benefits them otherwise. The image of British athletes that get medals appears in more 500 postcards prints.
The evolution of the economic incentives of the Olympic medals can be seen in the graph “value gold in dollars by countries”:
In comparison with the incentives that are paid in London you can see that in the case of Russia, a Medal Gold is encouraged in London with 133.420 dollars more a bonus by geographic area of the country, reaching to $941.000 for the gold medal. In the Olympic Games in Rio is similar the offered amount.
Azerbaijan, meanwhile, paid 772.000 dollars for gold medal, the highest value without additional bonuses which has fallen to $715,000 us at the Olympic Games in Rio.
Spain, the country plunged into crisis, paid $ 94,000 for the gold medal in London being the same value as in Rio. Italy is another country that well rewards his athletes, with 170,000 dollars for gold in London and Estonia, while paying $125,000 tax free.
Among powers such as the United States, which offered as incentive in London $23,500 for who won a gold medal in London, has increased in Rio’s mild form its incentives to $25,000.
Germany, which offered $20,000, in London continues to offer the same amount at the Olympic Games in Rio. France, for its part, London offered $61,000 for an Olympic winner, River has increased his incentive to $66,000.
Among them countries Latin American, Colombia rewarded to their medals of gold in London with 62,000 euros and has decreased the inventive to its medalists gold with 55,000 euros.
Who not have any reward rather than the glory of win are them athletes of Britain and Sweden, to who not will receive or a dollar by medal or in them Olympics of river or in the Olympics of London.
In theme of record world is will pay to 100,000 dollars according to the Association International of federations of Athletics (IAAF) said that the award is activate where is exceed it marks earlier and not in case of match the record. The figure of 100,000 dollars by each record is the same that is paid during the world of Moscow 2013 and Beijing 2015.
Taxes to those medalists Olympic
For example, those athletes not return to House only with them medals but also with money in cash. For each gold medal, the United States Olympic Committee paid $ 25,000 athletes, medals silvers paid 15,000 euros and bronze medals paid 10,000 euros.