The economic incentives of the athletes at the Olympic Games

Athletes from the Olympics to Rio They have spent many hours training, great efforts, perfecting their techniques and everything with a sole aim, get a gold medal.

Part for the honor of being the best your discipline and the prize that all the athletes dream of, but there is another motivation, the premium or incentive that each country offers its medalists, which often serves to continue to finance her career.

We can ask ourselves: what incentives are offered to athletes Spaniards? What incentives are les offers to the rest of the athletes Olympic? Are there differences of these incentives between Rio and London Olympics? By these incentives them athletes have to pay taxes?

What incentives are them offer to those athletes Spanish?

He Committee Olympic Spanish pays to those athletes individual Spanish by the Medal of gold to 94,000 euros, by the Medal of silver to 48,000€ and the Medal of bronze of 30,000 euros. These incentives have not changed with respect to the Olympic Games in Beijing because of the onset of the financial crisis and the adjustments made in public budgets.

Those incentives change when is give to the athletes of couples or of group. By the Medal of gold of a sport with two Member is les pays to 75,000 euros, by the Medal of silver is les pays to 37,000 euros and the Medal of bronze is les pays to 25,000 euros.

He case of them sports of team as the football or the basketball is les pays the Medal of gold to 50,000 euros for each Member of the team, is les pays the Medal of silver to 29,000 euros for each Member of the team and is les pays the Medal of bronze to 18,000 euros for each Member of the team as shows the following graphic on “awards in euros of the COE in river” London and Beijing”:

Premios Coe

To part of them medals, the athletes Spanish have the scholarships of the programme ADO

Programa Ado

ADO is a program of support to the “sport of high performance Olympic” whose main objective is it improves of them results of them athletes Spanish in them Games Olympic and has as characteristics basic it requirement in their criteria and the persecution of the excellence sports.

The programme is set around three basic themes:-the aid to athletes with options for outcomes of interest in the Olympics.
-Supports the trainers responsible for the preparation of athletes.
-The development of special plans, aimed at improving the preparation of athletes.

The ADO Plan of preparation for the Olympic Games in Rio handed out during the 2015 497 scholarships, 363 of them for athletes and other coaches, for a total amount of 8.929.190 euros. The swimmer Mireia Belmonte received 88.700 euros, being the athlete more benefit by them scholarships, thanks to their results in the competitions international.

Of the 8.9 million euros from the budget for scholarships in 2015, athletes were 7.006.140 euros and the coaches, 1.923.050 euros. 363 scholarship athletes are divided almost in equal parts among men, 181, 182, and women.

After the London 2012 Olympics, the Association of Olympic sports (ADO) agreed to keep the amount of the scholarships of the previous cycle, with 60,000 euros as maximum support, although several scholarships can add up if you get relevant search results on different tests.

And other countries how to act on the issue of incentives by Olympic medal?

The economic incentive to Olympians winning varies depending on the country, since it is not the International Olympic Committee that gives these incentives, but that corresponds to each National Olympic Committee in each country.

For example, Italy gives its incentive with € 150,000 Gold Medal champions, while Russia encourages 135.000 euros. The countries that pay the most for their gold medals is Azerbaijan with 640,000 euros. Below Spain is Hungary which pays its champions 60,000 euros, and France with € 50,000.

It is curious that the countries that pay less incentive to its medalists are the ones to get more medals. United States, which leads the number of Olympic triumphs, only gives its champions 22,000 euros for every gold medal.

For this reason, economic compensation seem to be an incentive for more Olympic results to less prominent countries in the competition. But these offsets economic not are an obligation.

There are countries which held firm to the original Olympics sporting spirit, as it is the case of Sweden , which does not grant any award his athletes but receive them with honors and given a plush mascot River of size proportional to the medal have managed.

Great Britain is another country that does not encourage its athletes with economic compensation, but if benefits them otherwise. The image of British athletes that get medals appears in more 500 postcards prints.

The evolution of the economic incentives of the Olympic medals can be seen in the graph “value gold in dollars by countries”:

Valor Medalla Oro Por Paises

In comparison with the incentives that are paid in London you can see that in the case of Russia, a Medal Gold is encouraged in London with 133.420 dollars more a bonus by geographic area of the country, reaching to $941.000 for the gold medal. In the Olympic Games in Rio is similar the offered amount.

Azerbaijan, meanwhile, paid 772.000 dollars for gold medal, the highest value without additional bonuses which has fallen to $715,000 us at the Olympic Games in Rio.

Spain, the country plunged into crisis, paid $ 94,000 for the gold medal in London being the same value as in Rio. Italy is another country that well rewards his athletes, with 170,000 dollars for gold in London and Estonia, while paying $125,000 tax free.

Among powers such as the United States, which offered as incentive in London $23,500 for who won a gold medal in London, has increased in Rio’s mild form its incentives to $25,000.

Germany, which offered $20,000, in London continues to offer the same amount at the Olympic Games in Rio. France, for its part, London offered $61,000 for an Olympic winner, River has increased his incentive to $66,000.

Among them countries Latin American, Colombia rewarded to their medals of gold in London with 62,000 euros and has decreased the inventive to its medalists gold with 55,000 euros.

Who not have any reward rather than the glory of win are them athletes of Britain and Sweden, to who not will receive or a dollar by medal or in them Olympics of river or in the Olympics of London.

In theme of record world is will pay to 100,000 dollars according to the Association International of federations of Athletics (IAAF) said that the award is activate where is exceed it marks earlier and not in case of match the record. The figure of 100,000 dollars by each record is the same that is paid during the world of Moscow 2013 and Beijing 2015.

Taxes to those medalists Olympic

Impuestos Pagan Olimpicos

For example, those athletes not return to House only with them medals but also with money in cash. For each gold medal, the United States Olympic Committee paid $ 25,000 athletes, medals silvers paid 15,000 euros and bronze medals paid 10,000 euros.

According to the Group ATR or ‘href=”http://w[…]>

Within the EU, which country pays more for its workers?

Any time you have raised how much has that pay your company by your salary, your security social and them taxes to receive your salary NET at the end of month? I.e., much pay your company to Hacienda by you?

Spanish companies provide around 23 per cent of the gross salary of its workers, making it one of the major countries of the European Union, which brings more taxes to his Hacienda.

How much pay the companies European by their employees?

The latest study of theMolinari economic Institute‘ ‘ on ‘taxation of workers in the European Union‘ has made the estimate of taxes that pay the companies for their employees.

Companies to pay more taxes to employees are those of France contributing 33 percent, Slovakia contributing 25 percent and Estonia contributing 24 percent being among the countries that contribute more to the coffers of the estates of their respective countries.

The companies that pay less tax employees are those of Denmark contributing 1 percent, Malta contributing 9 percent, United Kingdom contributing 10 percent, Ireland contributing 10 percent and Cyprus, contributing 11 percent.

As is can see in the graphic of “cast salary annual pay the companies of the countries of Europe”:

Reparto Sueldo Anual Paga Empresa

The contribution of the employees that make the public coffers by the Spaniards bring four of every ten euros from your gross salary to pay taxes. I.e., only the 56,49 percent of their salary gross are available.

The French have available the 42,47 percent of its salary gross, them Belgian have available the 43,10 percent of its salary gross, them Austrian have available the 45,31 percent of salary gross, them Hungarian have available the 45,90 percent of salary gross and them German have available the 47,63 percent of its salary gross.

But in real should be observed according to average salaries that they charge in each country than actual impact that has as you can see in the graph “Worker, net wage and tax cost”:

Coste Del Trabajador

It salary gross average Spanish is lower in a 35 per cent to the French and British and a 85 percent less that the German. Is complicated make comparisons direct, since Spain is a case special by its level wage to level world.

In Europe only Italy is directly comparable, being a country with some taxes on the work also very high but slightly smaller that them Spanish.

Cannot be defended that the pricing of wages must be equal regardless of a country’s income level, as it is evident that a type of 25 percent may be reasonable for a German win 75,000 euros per year but very high for a Bulgarian who win 15,000 euros, that is the equivalent to the wage level of Bulgaria.

The German is will be removing from it superfluous to contribute to it public, while the Bulgarian is will be removing of things Basic. Also is clear that the Bulgarian that earns 15,000 euros will have that pay more than the German that wins the same amount.

In the case Spanish it difference seems exaggerated, since the State of welfare or the services public are much worst, in the most of them aspects, to them of certain countries European.

How much to charge the workers of net salary in Europe?

In another end is can observe that them workers that charge more proportion of their salary gross are them Cypriot with a 76,15 percent, them Maltese with a 70,56 percent, the Irish with a 67,39 percent, them British with a 64,71 percent, them Bulgarian with a 62 percent, them Danish with a 59 percent and them Luxembourg with a 57 percent.

The Spanish are paying in taxes the 43,51 percent, behind other countries as Slovenia with a 43,62 percent and by front of Estonia with a 43,48 percent. You can see the table of “The structure of costs for estimated average salary” of the report ‘Taxation of workers in the European Union’ of the ‘Molinari economic Institute‘:

Estructura De Costes Empleados

Them workers that have that provide more to the coffers of Hacienda are them French with a 57,53 percent, the Belgian with a 56,90 percent, them Austrian with a 54,70 percent, them Hungarian a 54,20 percent and them German with a 52.36 percent.

Workers that they contribute least to the coffers of the Treasury are Cypriots with a 23.85 percent, the Maltese with 29.44 percent, with 32.61 percent Irish and British with a 35, 29 percent.

What will be the real purchasing power of European workers?

For them workers what les matter is the power purchasing real that have to be able to spend. Therefore, what is must see in every country the cost for the company and them costs for the worker to arrive to get a salary NET determined.

There has been an analysis to have a purchasing power of €100 that costs both for the company as for the worker assumed you get them, as you can see in the graph “Full pay” for €100 of actual purchasing power:

Poder Adquisitivo Real

In the country that we are more expensive to get 100 euro’s purchasing power is France having to pay a total of €235 for the worker (pay loads, loads business, income tax and indirect taxes) that represent both the company € 135.

The partly high to have to make more efforts are the Belgians with €232, Austrians with €221, with €218 Hungarians, German €210, Greek €206 and Italians with €201. At the bottom we are Cypriots €131, the Maltese with €142, the Irish with €148, Bulgarians with €160 and the British with €155.

With regard to Spain the cost to get a €100 net salary is 177 euros. It is composed of business charges 41 euros, some salary charges 9 euros, tax the income of 9 euros and an estimation of the indirect taxes of €7.

In the Blog Salmon | Is truth that the Spanish pay less taxes that the average European?

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The 9 best links on economy and society to understand what is happening

Continuing our overview of the best links in economy and society to understand what is going on, we bring you our compilation of the week. Start:

  • Javier Santacruz writes in free market on the reality of the banking European and the doubts on the stress test.

  • Thanks to Tesla there is much talk lately about electric cars. However, they are really an economical and ecological alternative? The response on the blog of Self Bank.

  • In the Economist us explain why the aging premature of the world hides serious dangers: the contract social hangs from a wire.

  • They will return to raise taxes? Interesting analysis of Daniel Lacalle in The Spanish.

  • Very interesting also this article from the companions In Orange which tell us that we have to take into account to choose the cheapest airport.

  • With Trump as a serious contender to be the next occupant of the White House, in Politikon spoken about three bets of Hillary Clinton.

  • What income can reconcile with the ordinary retirement pension? The answer in Five days.

  • Juan Ramón Rallo looks at Voice Populi why Spain can not be one public servant.

  • The first medal of the Spanish Athletics survives with the €426 subsidy at age 64. In The world: Jordi Llopart, the athlete pioneer living on unemployment.

What country of the EU has less tax of societies?

When it comes to thinking about creating a company or introduce us in another country, we must consider in addressing a series of fees and taxes. These taxes we pay are not common in all countries of the European Union, i.e. in each country have an tax of society different.

For this reason, some companies want to open branches or offices in countries with lower corporate tax installments, or directly move to these countries directly. We can find the example of some companies in the United States they are buying organizations in Ireland to settle there and pay less tax.

But we can ask: Ireland is the country that is pays less tax of societies? What are you paying now in Spain? What other taxes must we take into account when moving our company?

Ireland is not a country in Europe which is paid less

We can continue with the example of the company of France which is currently paid a tax of 38 per cent, while in Ireland it is 12.5 percent, registering a fees lowest in Europe.

But Ireland is not the lowest since there are countries such as Cyprus or Leichtenstein also having a beneficial for companies taxation, since its corporation tax is also of 12.5 per cent.

The country’s European offering corporate tax lower is Bulgaria. This country presents corporate tax lower than with 10% as you can see in the graph of “Tax for Europe”:

Impuesto De Sociedades 2015

On the other side we find France Malta about higher taxes with 38 percent and 35 percent, respectively. Belgium is also among the countries with a tax higher for companies, and they should pay 34 percent.

Regarding Spain 25 percent must be paid currently by the corporate tax. Being superior to the average of the 28 countries of the European Union which is currently around 22.9 per cent.

With this analysis, you can check that there is a big difference between the countries of Europe in matter of corporation tax.

What happens with the tax of societies in Spain?

Impuesto De Sociedades En Espana

As is has seen in Spain is is in the part average high of them taxes of societies of Europe and above the average of them 28 countries of the Union European. We must also consider that tax companies must be filed even if no activity has not developed during the tax period or not obtained incomes.

They are considered to be taxable persons of the tax of companies, residing in Spain, the following entities: companies or legal persons, including civil society, except those that have no commercial object.

In addition, the agrarian societies of transformation, investment funds, joint companies (UTE), venture capital funds, pension funds, funds of regulation of the mortgage market, mortgage securitisation funds, some funds from securitization of assets, guarantee funds investments, funds of bank assets and holders hills neighborhood communities in common.

It general assessment is 25 percent, but there are some exceptions:

  • Fiscally protected cooperatives who pay 20 percent.
  • Entities of new creation, less cooperatives, carrying out economic activities. During the first year or first tax period which the taxable income is positive, and in the following, will have to pay 15 per cent. Not is considered of new creation those that form part of a set of societies, or the entities property.

On the contrary, they are exempt from paying corporation tax:

  • Unions, federations and confederations of cooperatives.
  • Professional associations, business associations, official Chambers and unions of workers.
  • The funds for the promotion of employment constituted about conversion and reindustrialization.
  • The mutual supporting of Social Security.

Other taxes that should be considered when establishing ourselves in a country

In implementing us in a country we must ask ourselves if the tax burden is higher or lower in other European countries. Two large taxes, part of the corporate tax, which is payable VAT and income tax.

In Europe half of the 28 countries of the European Union VAT is 21.53 percent, in Spain we are below the average with our general rate at 21 percent. We are in the lower part of VAT tax burden between European although over 20 per cent.

Spain has the same pressure of VAT that Belgium, Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, and is can appreciate that the differences between them different countries not are very large as is can see in the graphic “type rated VAT of Europe”:

Tipo Nominal Iva 2016

Countries that have lower VAT are Luxembourg with 17 percent, Malta with an 18 per cent, Germany and Cyprus with 19 per cent, which are the only countries in Europe that remains below 20 percent.

On the other hand, the countries in which it pays more VAT in Europe would be Hungary with a 27 percent, Denmark, Croatia, Sweden and Norway with 25 percent, and Romania, Finland and Iceland with 24 percent.

In Europe the average income of 28 countries of the European Union is of 39.4 per cent, so Spain are below the average with a type average income of 21.5 per cent. We are in the lower part of the tax burden by type average income between European although over 20 per cent.

Spain is below the pressure of type average income than the United Kingdom, Poland, Slovakia and Czech Republic, and you can see that the differences between countries are not very large as you can see in the graphic “Type of income tax of Europe”:

Tipo Medio Irpf 2015

The countries having a medium of low income is Estonia with a 18.4 percent and Ireland with a 19.4 per cent, which are the only countries in Europe that remains below 20 percent.

On the other hand, the countries in which it pays less average income tax rate in Europe would be Belgium with 42 percent, Germany with 39.7 percent and Denmark with 36.1 percent.

To level international also is very different the tax of societies

Impuesto De Sociedades A Nivel Internacional

According to the report by KPMG worldwide taxation, corporation tax is very different between countries.

So different is that in countries like the Bahamas, Cayman Islands or Bermuda not even there is of corporation tax, i.e., companies pay nothing into the coffers of the State.

But, among those who pay more, in addition to United States with 40 percent, there are countries which are notable for having a very high corporate tax, as it is the case of United Arab Emirates, whose businesses must pay more than 55 percent, being the only tax collection in the country, there is no VAT or income tax.

In the Blog Salmon |href=”[…]>

Why is European football so interesting for foreign capital?

In recent decades, soccer has gone from being a romantic and local game to an global entertainment industry. It can be considered that football has become a phenomenon of nomads where everything moves by money.

Soccer is has become a show and a show. It isn’t really a business itself, but works well as a window into the business world. Before soccer was formed by small teams that could win the big one, but we know that evolution is inevitable and is no longer so.

After reading this, we can ask: what is the real relevance that have local fans in the clubs? Are revenues of the big teams unequal to the rest of the clubs? There are more tycoons taking over computers increasingly? For the future of soccer is essential to pass through the foreign capital? There is a large bubble in football?

What is the real relevance that fans have clubs?

Relevancia Real Aficionados

Already a few decades ago the income corresponding to the box office and the members of the clubs they represented in great teams around 80 per cent of their total income. Currently fail to 25 per cent, being the main income derivatives marketing and television.

Therefore, we can say that today the partners and subscribers represent a small part of revenues of the clubs. His role economic is has displaced and the efforts of them clubs already not is focus in its amateur.

We are in a scenario where the amateur is a mere extra which must fill the stadiums, not so much to generate direct revenues, but that the steps of the stadium will be full on television causing interest to the sponsors and foreign fans.

Therefore, if it is said that the Spanish League is the best in the world and someone in China turned on your TV and see the empty bleachers it won’t it is to believe. This is counterproductive to generate income. Now is worth more a fan in China than in Spain.

Until last season the top five clubs distributed television revenues of the League

Cinco Grandes Clubes

The Barcelona and Madrid received more because they generate more interest, but could not exist as much inequality as there was before. This year there will be a prize of around 1,300 million euros.

For the first division teams that are considered more modest before they were entering around 19 million euros, it will now be entering between 45 to 50 million euros. The Atlético de Madrid entered around EUR 45 million now pass receivables of € 102 million, as you can see in the picture of ‘ approximate distribution of television revenue 16/17 ‘ by Plus soccer:

Reparto Liga 2016 A 2017

According to the new approach for the 16/17 League of cast, all teams will receive 50 per cent of the total input, in equal parts. Of the 50 percent remaining, a 25 percent is divided depending on the classification historical in them last 5 years in League and, the other 25 percent, according to them income of each team from of the box office, the number of partners or subscribers or the care of their facilities.

This deal is more balanced than the previous seasons, but it is still far from being fair. Still reigns the law of the strongest, and is shown when we see the big league by entering large amounts of money at the expense of the other teams.

There is more appropriating clubs magnates growing?

We must remember that the clubs are corporations, that the partners had more weight in decisions, but the rules of the game have changed completely in recent years in football needed large amounts of money.

In the structure of the football costs multiply every year. “There have been many clubs that shareholders have had to get money to expand its capital, but there comes a time that fans may not provide sufficient and external investment is needed, as shown in the picture of the ‘ owners of 20 of Europe’s richest clubs” by ‘Five days‘:

Propietarios De Los 20 Clubes

Soccer is a mirror of the economy of our country, in which companies can not be financed with their own projects, and need foreign investment. In England already started to happen this makes time, but there there is a mentality much more open that in Spain with regard to leave to them clubs in hands of capital overseas.

Is it necessary to move to the Spanish amateur to move closer to the Chinese or American fans?

Es Necesario Alejar Al Aficionado Espanol

It is a reality that Spanish soccer is sentenced to which their fans are walk-ons. If a Chinese investor decides to buy a team it’s so matches will be in China and that benefits to it.

But the amateur Spanish if you want to go to the stadium will be done one or two of the noon, which before itwas inconceivable. Football is no longer what it was, i.e., ceases to be a family activity Sunday afternoon.

When they become a party on Saturday night, no longer can go to the amateur as well since it can affect their family plans, but with the current schedules you must change all plans.

These schedules will be perfect to sell the League in Asia’s markets, but not for the Spanish market. When the Spanish amateur contributed 80 percent of the income of clubs, were they who decided the schedule, but now not only is to resign.

Does the same in the ‘Bundesliga’ and in the ‘Premier League’?

Pasa Lo Mismo En La Premier League

In Bundesliga they are making a cheap-price strategy. In Germany, they have sought to make product to your fans. The model has been cheap tickets, comfortable stadiums and almost no violence.

English football has another model since it has a habit of getting to the stadium as a leisure activity and this is much more arriagado among his fans.

In the German League not have large revenues for what is known as the ‘Match Day’, but they know that this is the road that must continue. They have understood how much more full are the stadiums and more young fans go children, more follow-up will be and, therefore, more income can generate commercial and sponsored products.

In Germany with 18 clubs have more revenue that the League Spanish and with an important asset that is to have the stadiums full. They care for the fans because more and more you are creating more distance between the fans and the players. In Germany the approach of footballers and fanscares much.

Is there a bubble in Spanish football?

Burbuja Futbol Espanol

How the housing bubble no, but the thing will be deflated. In Spanish football the worst time has already passed, the large accumulation of debt and insolvency situations. Great effort has been made on the part of the ‘ General Council of sports, of the LFP, and by the clubs involved.

The balance sheets of the clubs debts are becoming more healthy and it has learned from the bad practices of the waste of spending disproportionate in relation to the revenue that must never be repeated.

What can they do small Spanish clubs to survive in major global competitions?


TV3 has 82% more staff than Telecinco, we are throwing public money?

Last July, TV3 became the third position in the autonomy of Catalan with a share of 10.1% share, Telecinco led this month with a share of 12%, while Antena 3 stood in second place with a share of 10.7%.

This fall is especially striking in a chain that has historically been a leader in Catalonia but already in June lost that hegemony when it obtained a share of 10.5 per cent, behind Telecinco, with 13.5%, this being the most-watched chain in Catalonia.

However, behind the figures of share of the television public Catalan, is hides an important expenditure through grants to hold a model deficit from the Generaitat. To this day, TV3 is regional television that has larger budget among the different autonomies.

The waste of the Catalan regional television in figures

Number of channels in the DTT, the Catalan Corporation of audiovisual media (CCMA) has up to five public channels: TV3 (general practitioner), 3/24 (information), Super3/33 (child / alternative programming), Esport3 (sports) and TV3HD (TV3 broadcast in high definition).

Canales Catalanes

Also, in terms of staff, the Catalan regional television employees total 2312 workers. In comparison, the catalan television Mastodon has 82% more template that Mediaset (1.266 employees) and 28% more than Atresmedia (1,800 employees).

Compared to the rest of regional television, TV3 has nearly twice the template that channel Sur which holds 1.257 workers, while Basque Televisa and Telemadrid have of respectively with 975 and 317 employees.

The Catalan media will receive 315,2 million euros in accordance with budgets in 2016. On this amount, The CCMA Gets the 74% of this split, i.e., 233,8 million of euros (the greater figure between them agencies audiovisual autonomic), leaving 81.4 million for the rest of media both of area private as public.

The grant of a model deficit

He wastage in them means public Catalan from the Generalitat not is an event novel since in the stage of Artur more, that reached the Presidency in the year 2010, is injected a total of 893 million of euros.

In the year 2011 Artur Mas granted 322 million euros in grants. In spite of is the Catalan Corporation capital injection signed losses of 9.2 million euros.

In subsequent years the Corporation continued its deficit path… In the year 2012 the deficit was of 7.4 million of euros, in 2013 the figure is extended to 13 million and in the year 2014 the results negative arrived until them 25 million of euros.

TV3 as instrument of support to the movement secessionist

Catalan public television has bowed to the service of the independence movement, which has attracted plenty of criticism by various associations, including the College of journalists of Catalonia has claimed the necessary impartiality must be public:

The Association of journalists insist that it must continue vigilant to prevent slips. Remember that the public media of the Catalan audiovisual media Corporation have a style book, where it is very clear that they cannot do calls covert manifestations. They have to cover the demonstrations and civic expression “regardless of party head of persons or entities that are involved” and may not work in “the call of minutes which may compromise the principle of impartiality”.

In addition, the confidential uncovered a document restricted as in the last national day of Catalonia, TV3 had planned its broadcast under the orders of the Catalan national Assembly (ANC), independentist entity that promotes the demonstration and who attended to the elections of the autonomous Catalan together with Artur Mas.

That document set the conditions of retransmission of TV3’s cameras and filmmakers who had the ANC throughout the tour of Barcelona’s Avenida Meridiana.

The bias that has taken TV3 includes not only political acts, but also sporting events. The last of them has transpired, has been the result of the test of cycling at the Olympics, in which ‘Purito’ joined you the Catalan rather than Spanish flag.


The public television channels in Spain

Despite the exorbitant figures used in Catalonia, the truth is that public television pose a significant out-of-Pocket annually for the citizens of the country. On the basis of annual budgets in the year 2015, these organisms cost 1877 million euros.

The Corporación de Radio y Televisión Española (CRTVE) added last year a budget of 948,70 million euros, with 6.354 employees, whose cost was 377 million euros.

Coste Televisiones Publicas

In the year 2015, regional media overbudgeting of 928 million euros. Catalonia went 24.25% (225 million), Andalusia 17.40% (161,50 million), the Basque country 13.22% (122,70 million) and Galicia 11.50% (106,80 million).

In Government terms, the CRTVE 20,28 euros per citizen. The cost per capita is more disparate among the autonomous communities, the regional audiovisual organism more expensive in relation to its inhabitants is the Basque country with 56,06 euros per capita. Followed by the Galician organism 38,85 euros per capita, the Aragonese 34,72 euros and the Balearic 31.73 euros.

Alcohol and tobacco, has how varied consumption over time?

During the year past the consumption of beer in Spain has reached its maximum historical in our country. Thus reflect it data that has published fundraising by Treasury and indicate an increase in consumption.

We can ask ourselves: what are the special taxes? How you calculate these taxes special? How has the consumption of beer, tobacco and alcohol products evolved? What is has collected in taxes special by the beer, the tobacco and the products with alcohol?

What are the special taxes?

Que Son Los Impuestos Especiales

We find the origin of the special taxes in ancient Rome. The first special taxes that are known are applied on the production of wine and products imported from other areas that were considered to be sumptuous. These taxes have been kept to the present day and fall within the indirect taxes.

Special taxes are indirect taxes because they apply to certain products and are linear with the amount consumed, independently to the income of the consumer. The special taxes serve two functions in your configuration:

  • The typical revenue function of all taxes.
  • The establishment of Directors policies in other areas through the modulation of these taxes. For example, the tax tobacco or spirits like deterrents for consumption taxes or taxes on energy for purposes of improving infrastructure, energy policies or control consumption to move some energy to others.

Currently, them taxes special have a denomination European, that is translates in the existence compulsory of these taxes in all them countries members of the Union European for the tobacco, the alcohol and products derived, beer and hydrocarbons.

How are these special taxes calculated?

Como Se Calculan Los Impuestos Especiales

Excise duties are regulated by the law 38/1992. This law defines the taxable transactions, everything is included in the tax base for the calculation of each tax and tax rates that apply to each product for each tax.

Them percentages of these taxes are very variable and can oscillate of the 3 to the 5 per cent for them taxes on the electricity, around a 70 percent as occurs with them taxes special that is recorded on the consumption of the tobacco.

For its part, the autonomous communities have powers to vary the tax rates of some special taxes, as is the case for example with hydrocarbon retail sales tax.

The Inland Revenue is responsible for collecting these taxes and for each of them, select a tax profile as agent collector. For example, to tax electricity, although it really pay users of electrical supplies, responsible for their income to finance is the electricity supply undertaking.

It is a case equivalent to VAT, in which companies acting as agents collectors of taxes with the obligation to enter these amounts in the public Treasury.

On the contrary, other taxes that apply to the manufacture of certain products, the manufacturer support them directly and in that case, the cost of the tax goes directly to the cost of the product without differentiation of the amount which is paid by tax regarding the product.

How has evolved the consumption and collection of beer?

The consumption of beer in Spain has reached its peak with the commercialization of 3.538 million liters of beer, a 3.2 per cent more than in the previous year. Therefore, consolidated the growth registered during the 2014 that reached an increase of 4.1 per cent as shown in the following chart of “Consumption of beer in Spain” according to the IRS:

01 Consumo Cerveza En Espana

Beer is a product that is encumbered by an special tax, as happens to products with alcohol, tobacco or gasoline, and therefore making consumption data can offer.

The levying of tax on beer last year reached 297 million euros as shown in the following chart on the collection of “Beer excise” according to the IRS:

Impuestos Indirectos Cerveza

Beer that is manufactured in Spain and is exports is not subject to the domestic excise tax and, therefore, applies specific tax depending on the legislation of the country of destination, as happens with alcohol products.

Surely this consumption growth is explained by a slight economic recovery, registered last year’s heat wave and the increase in tourist visitors. But in the total consumption during the year 2015 it was still below the levels of the crisis.

How has evolved the consumption and collection of tobacco?

Information that casts the tax agency of the year 2015 sold 2,144 million packs of tobacco, the retail figure since data collection began in 1995 as shown in the following chart of “Consumption of tobacco in Spain” according to the IRS:

Consumo Tabaco En Espana

Ever smokers opt for hand-rolling tobacco, but also slightly fell the consumption. The special tax on tobacco has contributed to finance 6.580 million euros, a 8.9 percent less than during the year 2014, said kick has been due to the decline in sales as shown in the following chart on the collection of “Indirect tobacco taxes” according to the IRS:

Impuestos Indirectos Tabaco

We should consider it’s decline has not occurred by a legislative change in the tax on tobacco, which has been increasing during the different sessions. Including VAT around 80 percent of the final sale price to the consumer by Pack just at the Tax agency.

How has evolved the consumption and collection of products with alcohol?

The market of products with alcohol or distilled beverages such as whisky, Geneva, rum or vodka, in others, is between an intermediate situation we have discussed about the beer and tobacco.

During the 2015 not has suffered a decrease as the tobacco but also is far from the consumption of the beer. According to finance last year’s 88 million litres of pure alcohol, 1.6 percent more than during the year 2014 were sold in Spain as indicated in the following chart of “Consumption of pure Alcohol in Spain” according to the IRS:

Consumo Alcohol En Espanaalt=”Consumo Alcohol En Espana” src=”[…]>

The Danish labour model, a model for Spain?

Denmark has managed to carry out a working model under the name ‘flexicurity’, the combination of flexibility and security for employees from across the country. This model has very controversial aspects as free dismissal, private unemployment insurance and there is a minimum wage by law.

Despite this, the working conditions are, in many cases, regulated by collective agreements (overenskomster) carried out by the main players in the market of Danish work, i.e., trade unions and business associations.

However, a large number of them positions of work in Denmark not are included in those conventions collective. In these cases, the employees have the freedom of contract and are capable of negotiate, form e influence in their own terms of employment directly with your employer.

Free Danish dismissal

The employees subject to the law of workers are protected against dismissal after 12 consecutive months of employment. The requirement of seniority under agreements of bargaining collective is normally of 9 months, but can vary according to Convention.

The employees protected have right to a compensation for cessation of the salary of 1 to 3 months, respectively, if have worked during 12 or 17 years.

Employees covered by a collective agreement (which are the majority) may be entitled to compensation in the event of 3, 6 or 8 years of occupation, however, the age requirement and the level of severance pay may vary according to Convention.

Danish unemployment insurance

Unlike all other forms of social security in Denmark, unemployment insurance is voluntary. This means that the worker is not automatically insured against unemployment. If not sure, you won’t have right to receive Danish unemployment insurance benefits.

You can take a unemployment insurance with a (a-kasse) unemployment insurance fund, which are private associations related to trade unions and other professional organizations. An important point is since it is not necessary to be a member of a Trade Union in order to become a member of an unemployment insurance fund.

The dues paid by the members cover part of the State share of unemployment insurance-related expenses, including the early retirement. The Ministry of labour is responsible for unemployment insurance.

By rule general, is has right to perceive a provision of unemployment at the end of a year of membership to a box of the safe of unemployment concerted. In addition, the first time that the insured requests the provision of unemployment, should have worked self-employed 1,924 hours or exercising an activity on their own during the equivalent period.

The unemployment benefit represents 90% of the income of the previous work, with a maximum of 788 kroner (106 euros) a day, five days a week. In the case of beneficiaries of partial insurance, the provision represents, maximum, two-thirds of the total benefit, i.e., 525 kroner (71 euros) a day, five days a week.

Denmark without a minimum wage

In Denmark as well as other countries like Finland, Switzerland, Norway, Austria and Sweden or Italy has no minimum wage imposed by law. The social partners cover most of the Danish labour market, and therefore play a major role in the definition of the remuneration and conditions of work in the labour market.


In Denmark, there is a long tradition of the division of responsibilities between the Government and the social partners, where Government intervenes as little as possible in the labour regulation and the working conditions.

The working conditions are mainly regulated through collective agreements concluded between trade unions and business organizations.

Effective public employment services

Denmark is the country which employs, in relation to its GDP, a greater expenditure on active policies of employment, in total a 2.26% (year 2011). Active employment policies are those ranging from training courses for unemployed persons to the labour market intermediation, i.e. to collect job postings and cross them with the demands.

Politicas Activas De Empleo

The public employment service centers are intended to offer employment seekers and make sure that employers are the workforce that meets the desired profile. In online mode, the Danes also request these services at

Job seekers enjoy effective orientation to the most appropriate jobs, taking into account his qualifications and previous experience. Are you india how to seek employment and provided all the necessary information on the labour market.

Results in the Danish labour market

Denmark results in labour matters are enviable for any economy. Firstly, to achieve full employment, with a rate of unemployment of 4.2% (Spain unemployment rate of 20%).

Tasa Desempleo Danesa

Moreover, the temporary employees as a percentage of the total number of employees represent 8.7%, i.e., 91.3% of employment indefinite (Spain 75% of employment is indefinite).

Finally, the Danish youth unemployment rate is one of the lowest in Europe to the focussing on 10.8% (Spanish youth unemployment rate 45.8%).

Why the technology pay few taxes in Spain and what can be done to remedy this?

It is public domain as the large Internet weave complex lattices tax to pay tribute in countries of low taxation, to the detriment of the countries where truly develop their commercial activities and/or retail sales. The legality of such novel ways of evading taxes, not makes much less ethically acceptable activities.

The revitalization of the internet, as well as the exponential growth that is the progressive transfer of the activities of the traditional economy, or also known as the brick-and-mortar, makes developed economies may not dilate or one more year the apparent “hole” of tax regulations. This “hole” unfairly allows these companies to use a form of carrying out the business activity which, with the generalization of the modernization of practically all sectors of the economy, will result in an unsustainable fiscal tunnel which may not bring in the long run nothing more than an economic unsustainability of the countries forced to donate tax.

The evidence of the transfer tax

Por Que Las Tecnologicas Pagan Tan Pocos Impuestos En Espana Y Que Se Puede Hacer Para Remediarlo 3

A tomorrow of the last month of June, breakfast with the media news of that inspectors of Ministry of Hacienda had irrumpido in the headquarters of Google in the Madrid Tower Picasso and in the Google Campus to investigate them activities of the multinational, according to can read in this news. The justification that had before that performance was that they were pursuing companies that performed an “aggressive international tax planning”, meaning this diffuse term activities by which multinationals “take advantage of gaps and inconsistencies of international tax rules that allow the reduction of the taxable bases in those territories in which occurs the generation of value as well as the transfer of benefits to territories of low or null taxation, where economic activity is scarce or non-existent.” But, to our misfortune, this is not an isolated case, and evil is common to other large companies in the sector, as you can read in this other news.

Some analysts we speak long of this problem common to most of the developed economies, whereby a tax shift towards economies of low taxes that achieve their sustainability by a Prosecutor and private economy of scale, enabling them to raise more by companies, rather than by tax type volume occurs. To make an idea of the magnitude of the problem, how can cite les a conglomerate mammoth Internet as Google just has paid a tax invoice of 8 million Euros in the last eight years in Spain, and by 2015 just 2.2 million euros. You can read the details in this little revealing news, and I say “little revealing” not by the quality of the information of the newspaper the Spanish, which brings us a good article, but because the fact is something that everyone assumed for a long time, and that it was vox populi.

The unsustainability of these tax tricks

Por Que Las Tecnologicas Pagan Tan Pocos Impuestos En Espana Y Que Se Puede Hacer Para Remediarlo 4

It is clear that, for tax purposes “donor” economies, this tax transfer that captures economic activity of a country to pay tribute to another is unsustainable in the long term. It is clear that the quarterly results of large technology on the planet report craving makes them fall in a constant short-termism which does not fix that fiscal policy is a bread for today hunger tomorrow, since that literally liquid demand in countries of which they enter and those who risk end up impoverishing. It is evident that affected countries should toughen its lax tax regulations that allow this kind of legal tricks. And finally, it is clear that this type of inspections are positive news for those who bring activity to these multinationals, but do not receive taxes in return.

I suppose that, like a server, you already are aware of economic injustice that involves this type of fiscal transfers, but here I’d like to draw your attention on the urgency to take action in this regard. By that is do idea, the five companies more big of the world by capitalization stock market to end of July are by this order: Apple, Alphabet (Google), Microsoft, Amazon and Facebook. You can read the details this disruptor news publication Slate. All these companies are banners of the technology and the new economy. The union, which means that these tax recuelos are used regularly by many of the technology companies, coupled with the evidence that the technology are already more than relevant in the economy currently (and dominate it completely in a future that is just around the corner), be necessary to correct this type of deviations, and are the Governments of affected countries that have to take action in a coordinated manner.

Por Que Las Tecnologicas Pagan Tan Pocos Impuestos En Espana Y Que Se Puede Hacer Para Remediarlo 5

As said it before, it is the dictatorship of the “quarter” (which already talked about in this article) which imposes the companies a short-termism that also does not lead to any site. Some aducirán that in the countries developed the load tax is too high, and that by this is logical that has countries that decide to break with this model highly tax. Without wishing to enter into this eternal and subjective debate, I would just say that what some countries are doing is not a tax competition as such, since If the European tax rate that worries them would have resulted in Brussels measures to lower the tax invoice of coordination in all countries, and also reportedly responsible for fostering a breeding ground of business further than mere tax rebate mostly only seeks to attract foreign multinationals who want to develop business in Europe, without adding too much value to the business fabric of the old continent.

It lowers tax of certain countries not comes accompanied of proposed common to lower the invoice tax in Europe

Indeed, more than tax competition, this fiscal policy can be checked from unfair competition, since its tax cut does not come accompanied by tangible common proposals to fix a model that assumes that you think wrong, but they intend to simply establish a fundraising model in the shadow of the European consumer market. Obviously they do this passing on tiptoe by the fact that, if all countries did the same, in the end enter in a zero sum game in which we end up all dealing us the same constant business number. I stress that I don’t want to enter into the debate of whether this would be an incentive for the business that could be reversed in greater wealth for Europe, but I am just limiting to talk to them about that it makes little sense undertaking such measures on an individual basis, with the sole intention of trying to live simply to attract social venues that sucking taxes from countries that give them their activity.

The origin and the cause of the problem

Por Que Las Tecnologicas Pagan Tan Pocos Impuestos En Espana Y Que Se Puede Hacer Para Remediarlo 6

But stop us to analyze the why can seem that the majority of the countries developed are tolerant with this type of impoverishment fiscal. After this permissiveness can obviously be the classic problems of vested interests, groups of influence, and revolving doors. But beyond the obvious scourge posed by this type of factors when they translate into activities that go against the general interest, I would like to reflect with you on the enormous difficulty that pursue such financial engineering works.

We are therefore entering cumbersome field […]